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The Mahoning Valley Ponders a New Economy for an Old Region

photo of former GM plant in Lordstown
M.L. Schultze
This wall of the former GM plant in Lordstown once sported a larger than life poster of the Chevy Cruze, the last GM product produced at the plant. The facility has now been sold to electric vehicle maker Lordstown Motors

This article was updated on January 14, 2020.

For a century, the Mahoning Valley has ebbed and flowed with the fortunes of traditional manufacturing. Now, it’s looking toward a new economy: one defined by distribution centers and autonomous and electric vehicles. What are the prospects for transformation.

Eight kids sit at the conference table pitching their projects: smart phones that expand, fold, fit around their wrists. But the inaugural logistics class at Lordstown High School is not pitching the mythical technology. Instead, it’s talking about transportation, distribution networks, even how to dodge the paths of hurricanes. In short, it’s all about how to introduce and distribute foreign-made goods throughout a U.S. market.

With a $170 million HomeGoods warehouse taking shape near the former GM plant, Lordstown Superintendent Terry Armstrong says this sort of classon how to move products around the globe makes sense. So, he says, would college-level courses in electric and autonomous vehicle technology at the high school. When it comes to the new economy that’s been promised to the Mahoning Valley,  “We want to be part of it. We want to support them, and we want our people to be their workers of the future,” Armstong says. And he acknowledges that means planning for a future that has more unknowns than knowns.

Here are the knowns:

  • The GM assembly plant that employed 14,000 people at one time is gone. More than a thousand people who worked there have transferred to other GM plants around the country and thousands more have retired or gone looking for jobs elsewhere.
  • GM sold it the plant for about $20 million to a startup that plans to build electric pickup trucks. The price was only about half the old value of the plant
  • In a joint international venture with LG Chem, GM plans to build an electric vehicle battery plant nearby.

The unknowns are basically everything else. Taxes, training, incentives, investment, pay, unionization -- even the future of the electric vehicle market itself.

Looking to the future

photo of Dan Crouse
Dan Crouse, a commercial Realtor in the Mahoning Valley, provides a driving tour of Lordstown.

When Dan Crouse drives around the old GM plant, he sees the future, not the past, a future about which he’s “over the top” optimistic.

“We’ve got a lot of those things that are becoming the future if you will.” The commercial Realtor points to the Homegoods center, to the open fields where he envisions the battery plant, to a Turnpike that’s experimenting with autonomous vehicles and to a state-of-the-art power plant.

aerial map of Lordstown
This map shows an aerial view of the former GM plant in Lordstown and surrounding developments.

He weaves it together into a new economy for an old region. “This is a little like standing at the end of a runway. On a clear day with keen eyesight, you can see planes circling. The question is are we smart enough to help them land and are they smart enough to see what’s here.”

The role of government
Among those trying to help them land is Ohio’s governor, lawmakers and the state’s private jobs agency. After all, the new battery plant alone could create more than 1,100 jobs.

J.P. Nauseef heads JobsOhio, which boosts site selection, workforce development and research. This project is bigger than many, he says, and “This one’s particularly exciting because it really is planting the future right there in an area that is well-equipped to deliver.”

A note of caution
But others in the Valley -- home of steel, auto and a lot of disappointment as those industries have shrunk, shifted and disappeared -- are more cautious.

photo of Pastor Joseph Walker
Pastor Joseph Walker has lived his entire life in the Mahoning Valley. Part of his mission he feels is to convince young residents to see the world but eventually return home to the Valley.

Joseph Walker was born the year the Lordstown plant opened -- 53 years ago -- so it’s been a big presence his whole life. He heads the Trumbull County Ministerial Alliance, and for much of his life, he’s been trying to convince young people to see the world, but invest their futures in the Valley. The decision by GM to shutter its assembly plant in March made that harder.

“Whatever jobs were there were taken when the steel mills closed, when Delphi closed, when Ohio Lamp closed. There was nothing left to absorb these people here that were forced out of GM.”

Monica Hoskins Vann, who runs a small insurance company in nearby Boardman, says the Valley has learned to be skeptical and to mistrust corporate America.

photo of Monica Hoskins Vann
Monica Hoskins Vann is a realtor in the Mahoning Valley. She says she has learned to be skeptical.

“Everyone comes here with that positive message and so many of them leave here, and they did not fulfill what they said they were gonna do.”

So while they welcome news that promises jobs, Hoskins and Walker want to know more about how much the jobs will pay, how local people will be recruited and what kind of training will be offered.

The promise of a new battery plant and a start-up
Some of the answers depend on decisions in D.C. where, though Congress failed to renew the tax credit on electric-vehicle sales, the Department of Energy is considering a low-interest loan for the battery plant.


Then there’s the monumental role a $5 billion Postal Service contract could play in the future of Lordstown Motors, the start-up that bought the assembly plant. Lordstown is an offshoot of another start-up called Workshorse, which is in the running for the contract to build 180,000 electric vehicles for the USPS. Lordstown Motors has licensed from Workhorse the prototype of an electric pickup and plans to hire 400 people to start building it for the open market by next year. But CEO Steve Burns says getting the postal service contract could elevate Lordstown Motors “into the stratosphere”.

 Got more questions about Lordstown Motors?  Get the answers here.


photo of UAW buttons
The owner of Lordstown Motors is open to considering the presence of the union in the start-up.


Unions are a key piece of the Mahoning Valley’s history. It’s unclear if they’ll have a role in its future. GM says that will be up to the battery plant workers. Lordstown Motors’ Burns says he’ll go union if that ensures a quality, flexible workforce.

A critical  year for the Mahoning Valley
Pastor Joseph Walker says losing the old way of life hurt here deeply, but the next year will be crucial in determining how the Valley moves on. If they’re to really invest in the future, he says, local people need to see concrete steps.

“If during this time, we see progress, it will still have a scar on the generation that was immediately affected, directly” by the closing of the GM plant, he says. “But for a group coming up, I think you can build something. I think you can build trust.

Learn more about electric and autonomous vehicles


M.L. Schultze is a freelance journalist. She spent 25 years at The Repository in Canton where she was managing editor for nearly a decade, then served as WKSU's news director and digital editor until her retirement.