Governor John Kasich's proposal for a new school funding formula last week left superintendents relieved there will be no more state cuts to schools. But they also wonder exactly what the plan will mean for their district in the long run.
StateImpact Ohio's Ida Lieszkovszky reports they can look forward to at least some answers this week.
Many superintendents were worried Kasich's budget would include another round
of cuts to schools. Instead, the governor says his plan spends an additional 1.2 billion dollars on education over the next two years.
Randy Borof runs the Revere Schools, and he's the president of the Buckeye Association of School Administrators
"Our biggest fear as superintendents is that we were going to hear about cuts in the budget and that we're going to have to depend more on levies."
The additional money includes a 300 million dollar one-time competitive grant, known as the straight-A fund. A new voucher program for low-income kids would be launched and charter schools would get a per-pupil allotment to pay for building costs. Plus, schools would get extra funding for certain students.
Kasich: "If you have disabled students you're going to get help. If you have gifted
students you're going to get help."
But here is where the plan raises eyebrows. It makes an effort to equalize school funding across the state. And Kasich pulls no punches when he states what school districts face
Kasich: "This is not like some difficult thing to figure out. If you're poor, you're going
to get more. If you're richer, you're going to get less."
Kasich's plan would mandate every district spend a minimum amount on schools - a level far above what most districts spend now. The problem is districts in poor areas can't raise as much property tax money as districts in rich areas. Passing a levy in a place where the average property value is 50- thousand dollars yields a lot less money than in a place where the average property value is 250-thousand dollars.
So to help the poor districts, Kasich's plan would have the state make up some of the funds they can't raise on their own. Ninety-six percent of districts in Ohio would be eligible for increases in state funding.
Kasich says district level projections will be available in the middle of this week,
and until then, he says, superintendents can more or less figure it out like this:
"It affects you on the basis of your situation so the system's not gamed. It depends
on your wealth, your ability to pay and how much the state will do. And the
particular issues that you have in your district that is unique to you as a school
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But, after the Governor's presentation, many superintendents were left scratching
Holland: "The devils in the details."
Dackin "The devils in the details."
Ed Holland and Steve Dackin are both superintendents. Holland from Cuyahoga Heights: Dackin from Reynoldsburg. He says he sees a lot he likes in Kasich's plan.
Dackin: "There's a lot of things that can reduce the reliance on levies. Part of it
is I think will be imbedded in the straight a fund and deregulation that will give
superintendents the opportunity to reduce or contain their costs better than we've
been able to do before which ultimately will result in less requests to the voters."
Of course that doesn't mean schools won't have to ask for levies.
Dackin: "All school districts will probably have to go to the ballot at some point in
time. The question is how long are those intervals and I really think that this will
afford us the opportunity to elongate those intervals."
Some superintendents fear they'll have to ask for levies just as frequently as they do now.
Here's Randy Borof of Revere schools again.
Borof: "I think in our case in a wealthy suburban district we still are going to be
dependent upon the taxpayers passing levies to increase our revenue on a regular
basis and when needed so you know I don't think it's going to be that helpful to us.
We're still going to have to do what we have to do to maintain the standards that
we've established in our district."
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It's the continued reliance on property taxes that bothers Bill Phillis. He's the lawyer
who started the case that prompted the Supreme Court to declare the state's school funding system unconstitutional - four times.
Phillis: "From the basic sound bites that were presented it would appear to be that
the dependence on property tax in terms of insuring a high quality education is going to
remain the same or actually increase."
Many schools already have levy issues on the ballot this spring. Those
superintendents are left wondering how to sway voters and explain this new school
funding proposal, while they try to make sense of it themselves.