1966 U.S. Civil Rights Commission Hearings in Cleveland: Welfare and Education

Image from the transcript of the hearings. (U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, Nick Castele / ideastream)

During the hearings on welfare and education, recipients of federal Aid to Dependent Children payments described to commissioners how they made ends meet. The commission spoke with students, teachers, parents and researchers about racial segregation in Cleveland's schools.

Listen to the hearings below. Audio is courtesy of the National Archives and Records Administration.

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Welfare Part One

  • Moses Lukaczer, Federal Programs Division of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights
  • Alice Aarons, Ella Kershaw, Carole King, Evaline McCreary, Ethel Thomas

Welfare Part Two

  • Clarence J. Yaeger, retired assistant director of the Cuyahoga County Welfare Department
  • Dr. Denver White,director of the Ohio Department of Public Welfare
  • Leonard Schneiderman, Ohio State University professor of social work

Education Part One

  • Richard Bellman, staff attorney for the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights
  • Carrie McCall and Calvin Brooks, East Technical High School students
  • Hattie Collins, Cleveland parent
  • Percy Cunningham, Patrick Henry Junior High School science teacher

Education Part Two

  • Ulysses Van Spiva, John F. Kennedy High School math teacher and department chair
  • Charles Bohi, Glenville High School social studies teacher
  • John Stafford, Glenville High School principal

Education Part Three

  • Alfred Aiello, principal of John W. Raper School
  • Linda Rae Murray and Howard Birdsong, students at Collinwood High School

Education Part Four

  • Dr. Robert Coles, research psychiatrist of the Harvard University Health Services
  • Dr. Joseph Brenner, staff psychiatrist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Education Part Five

  • Julius Tanczos and Norma Tarr, Cleveland Board of Education staff

Education Part Six

  • Dr. Paul Briggs, superintendent of the Cleveland Public Schools
  • George Dobrea, Cleveland Board of Education president


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