Weekly Word Highlights

Welcome to NewsDepth Word Highlight!

Be sure to check back here each week for new vocabulary words from each episode!

Season 47 (2016-2017 School Year)

Episode #30 - May 11, 2017

Prospective - Looking ahead at expected events.

Retrospective - To look back on.

Episode #29 - May 4, 2017

Agriculture - Different types of farming

Correspondent - A reporter who writes about a particular subject.

Food Desert - A region in which residents do not have access to fresh fruit, vegetables, and other healthy food.

Episode #28 - April 27, 2017

Archaeologist - Scientists who study man-made objects from the distant past to learn about the development of various civilizations.

De-extinction - "De" = To Remove.  "Extinction" = when a species dies off and is gone forever.  De-extinction = To remove from extinction.

Marathon - A running race with an official distance of roughly 26.2 miles.

Paleontologist - Scientists who study fossils.

Episode #27 - April 20, 2017

Composite - Something made up of various elements.

Hydropower - Power from the water's current.

Recycling - Using things that have already been used to make new things.

Episode #26 - April 13, 2017

Partisan - A committed member of a political party, especially one who is reluctant to compromise with their political opponents.

Poetry - A kind of writing in which feelings or ideas are expressed with rhythm.

Union - An organized group of workers formed to protect their rights.

Episode #25 - April 6, 2017

Biomedicine - The intersection of natural sciences like biology and medicine.

Climate Change - A change in conditions here on Earth, specifically looking at the speed at which our planet is warming up.

Coding  - Telling a computer what to do by giving it commands in a special computer language.

Episode #24 - March 30, 2017

Excavate - To dig up the earth.

Optometrist - An eye doctor who writes prescriptions for eyeglasses.

Viral (Video) - When something becomes popular by being shared on the Internet many times.

Episode #23 - March 23, 2017

Colorblindness - A defect in the ability to see color.

Lake Effect Snow - A cold weather phenomenon, caused by warm lake temperatures (Lake Erie in Ohio) and cold air temperatures, that produces large amounts of snow. 

Nor'easter - A storm that forms along the East Coast of the United States, as warm air from above the Atlantic Ocean clashes with Arctic cold from the North and West.

Sink Hole - A hole that forms in the ground when dirt and rocks wash away and there is nothing left beneath the ground to support it.

Episode #22 - March 16, 2017

Co-Educational - A type of school in which boys and girs, or men and women, learn together in class.

Suffrage - The right to vote.

Terrain - A stretch of land and its features.

Episode #21 - March 9, 2017

Infrastructure - The basic foundation of a city (roads, bridges, etc.).

Supercell - Thunderstorms that are rotating.

Ultrasound - A test that uses sound waves to create an image of something within the body.

Episode #20 - March 2, 2017

Constitution - A set of rules that guides how a country or state works.

Exoplanet - Short for Extrasolar Planet - Extra (Outside of) Solar (Sun).  Exoplanets are planets that revolve around a star that isn't our sun. 

Mudslide - A large pile of wet earth that suddenly and quickly moves down the side of a mountain or hill. 

Sediment - Material usually found on the bottom of a body of water.

Episode #19 - February 23, 2017

Dam - A barrier constructed to hold back water and raise its level.

Diplomacy - The managing of international relationships.

Immigrant - A person who comes to live permanently in foreign country. 

Episode #18 - February 16, 2017

Meteor - A space rock that has entered Earth's atmosphere.

Mitigate - To make something less severe or dangerous.

Monarchy - A system of government in which one person reigns, in this case a queen.  The authority, or crown, in a monarchy is generally inherited. 

Episode #17 - February 9, 2017

Concussion - Temporary unconsciousness caused by a blow to the head.  Repeated concussions can lead to brain damage.

Conservation - Any action that helps to protect the environment or wildlife.

Nutritionist - An expert in food, health, and nutrition. 

Episode #16 - February 2, 2017

Chromosome - Chromosomes look like sticks or knots of thread and are found inside human cells.  They are made up of protein and DNA and control genes, which are traits passed from parents to children. 

Executive Action - A call, from the President, for the agencies he oversees to take a specific action or change an existing practice.

Ultraviolet Light - A form of light energy, which is not visible to the human eye.  Radiation from this light can be used to kill germs. 

Episode #15 - January 26, 2017

Avalanche - A mass of snow, ice, and rocks falling rapidly down a mountainside.

Ice Age - A period of Worldwide cold temperatures, which covered large portions of our planet in ice.

Peaceful Transition of Power - The transfer of power from one elected President to another, occurring without conflict.

Protein - A material found in the bodies of animals that builds, maintains, and replaces tissues in the body.

Episode #14 - January 19, 2017

Electric Propulsion - A method of moving objects through the use of magnets.  Objects are levitated off the ground by the use of magnets that repell each other.  Then, through the use of more magnets, objects are pushed and pulled (sometimes though a tube) This movement occurs while the object floats between the magnets.  

Repeal - To revoke or strike down a congressional act.

Sonic Boom -  A loud explosive noise caused by the shockwave from an aircraft traveling faster than the speed of sound.

Episode #13 - January 12, 2017

Congress - The legislative branch of government, which consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate, is the branch of government that makes laws, approves presidential nominations, and certifies the votes of the Electoral College to elect the President.

Forgery -  A copy or imitatopm of a document, signature, banknote, or work of art for the purpose of deception.

Fracking - A controversial drilling procedure used to access oil and natural gas in the earth.

Episode #12 - December 15, 2016

Fault - The surface where two blocks of earth suddenly slip past one another, causing an earthquake. 

Muse -  A source of inspiration for an artist

Winter Solstice - The shortest day of the year.  This happens, because our section of the Earth, the Northern Hemisphere, is tilted away from the sun as it slowly orbits.

Episode #11 - December 8, 2016

Censorship - Preventing open communication and not allowing free speech.

Sedimentary -  Rocks formed by mud, sand, and the remains of plants that hardened together over time.  Usually this happens at the bottom of a lake or sea.

Wildfire - A big destructive fire that spreads rapidly through a forest or brushland.

Episode #10 - December 1, 2016

Chemistry - A branch of science that deals with substances or chemicals.  It investigates their properties and how they interact with eachother.

Embargo -  A political situation where one country decides not to trade with a country or allow its citizens to visit as tourists.

Seismic Waves - Waves of energy that usually come from earthquakes, volcanic erruptions, or explosions.

Episode #9 - November 17, 2016

Bog - soft, wet muddy ground (where cranberries grow).

Cabinet -  A group of appointed helpers who assist the President in making important decisions within their areas of expertise.

Perigee -  A stage when the moon's orbit is closest to the Earth.

Episode #8 - November 10, 2016

Armistice - An agreement between opposite sides in a war to stop fighting.

Biodiversity -  The variety of life in a particular habitat or ecosystem.

Memorabilia -  Objects that are collected or saved because of their tie to history.

Episode #7 - November 3, 2016

Board of Elections - A group of local people who control the general election.  In some places, like Cuyahoga County, the Board of Elections is also a place where people can vote.

Down Ballot -  Refers to local elections, which tend to be found in a lower position on ballots

Political Party -  A group of people that share many of the same beliefs about how the government should work.  Political parties are the main way we elect people in the United States.

Episode #6 - October 27, 2016

Electoral College - A group of people representing the states of the US, who cast the votes that officially elect the president

Entomologist -  A person who studies insects

Incumbent - The political candidate who currently holds a position and is seeking re-election (to the same position)

Episode #5 - October 20, 2016

3rd Party Candidate - A candidate that belongs to a party opposing the two major political parties

Invasive Species - Any plant or animal that is out of place in an environment 

Mouth (of a river) - The part of a river that flows into a lake, resevoir, or ocean

Episode #4 - October 13, 2016

Bias - an unfair opinion in favor of -- or against -- one thing, compared with another

Physiology - a branch of biology that deals with the functions of living organisms and their parts

Trafficking - trading something illegally

Episode #3 - October 6, 2016

Democracy - A system of government in which power is given to the people who rule through freely elected representatives.

Hurricane - A severe rotating storm formed in the Atlantic, Caribbean, and Northeastern Pacific oceans.

Typhoon - A severe rotating storm that forms in the Northwestern Pacific ocean. (Similar to a Hurricane)

Episode #2 - September 29, 2016

Fluvial - Formed by the flow of water

Pneumonia - A common lung infection, caused by bacteria, a virus, or fungui, often leading to coughing, fever, and chest pain.  

Telescope - An optical instrument designed to make objects appear nearer.  A radio telescope is used to detect radio emissions from the sky.  

Episode #1 - September 22, 2016

Light Year - a unit of astronomical distance that equals the distance that light travels in one year, which is roughly 6 trillion miles

Pipeline - a long pipe, typically underground, that conveys something over a long distance

Protest - a statement or action expressing disapproval

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