Posted: December 4, 2012
Afghanistan's capital is notorious for rough, often unpaved streets and fetid sewage trenches. A massive construction project has snarled traffic, and frustrated residents and businesses.
Afghan laborers work on a roads project last month in Kabul. A huge project to fix the city's roads and sewers is causing huge headaches. Daniel Berehulak
Sometimes, you don't have to go far to find a story. For the past few months, just stepping outside NPR's Kabul office has been a drama.
The neighborhood is in the midst of a major road and sewer renovation project. It's just one of many such projects that is badly needed in Kabul and elsewhere in the country.
But as is often the case, the pace and quality of the work has been uneven. And residents aren't so sure whether the final product will be worth the months of gridlock, power outages and business interruption.
The street outside of our office is complete dirt. It's rough and uneven, with huge craters and giant piles of boulders and rubble. It's hard to imagine how this could be a planned construction project — and this is one of dozens of streets in the neighborhood where this work has been going on, causing massive disruptions to people, to businesses and to daily life in this area.
The Sufi Restaurant is one of the businesses being affected. The renowned establishment serves traditional Afghan food to everyone from diplomats to development workers.
Bismillah, the restaurant's manager, says business is down about 50 percent compared with last year.
"Foreigners come here and see there is no parking area, so they give up and leave," he says.
Bismillah says he's had to lay off staff.
"We've appealed to many government departments, but no one listens to us," he says.
Part Of A Major Project
Sayed Nezamuddin Wahdat is the head of Kabul's 10th District, where this work is taking place. He says it's part of a citywide project to pave more than 60 miles of roads and renovate the fetid sewage trenches. Wahdat believes the project is going much better than past projects. He estimates 80 percent of the work is "going well."
"Most of the problems are caused by the contractors," he adds.
Wahdat says the city will fine the contractors if they do not complete the work properly and on time — by the end of December.
Yet one of the main contractors, UBCC, says that deadline will not be met. The company says the delays were unavoidable. Control and coordination among the four different contractors has been a problem. Often multiple streets are simultaneously shut down, hence the paralyzing traffic, even by Kabul standards.
To make matters worse, people in the neighborhood say no one from the government or the project has spoken to them about what streets would be torn up and when.
Yama Torabi is director of Integrity Watch Afghanistan, a nongovernmental transparency and accountability group.
"They have been able to do this main road, which is in front of the attorney general's office, in about a month or even less," Torabi says. "But then why is it that this road is taking four months?"
He says he does think it will be a huge improvement when it's done, and by all accounts, the quality of the work is far better than past paving projects that often crumble after one winter. But Torabi also says this area is only getting renovated because it's a wealthy neighborhood.
"We have a long way ahead of us, because 90 percent of the roads in Kabul are just not paved," he says.
At the rate things are going, many of the streets in our neighborhood aren't going to be paved anytime soon, either.
NPR's Sultan Faizy contributed to this report.
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