Advocates Debate Federal Funds Allotted To Foreclosure Crisis
In 2009, the federal government set aside $8 billion to help with the foreclosure crisis in 18 troubled states. Ohio’s share of the so-called Hardest Hit Fund was 570 million dollars – the largest award of any Midwestern state, and a sign of how bad the crisis has been in Ohio.
Bill Faith leads the Coalition on Homelessness and Housing in Ohio, and says the fund has done great work in three years.
“They've helped more than 10,000 homeowners stay in their home, and only .5% have lost their home. I mean, I’ve never seen a program where you only have .5%, half a percent, failure rate.”
Faith says the fund has been slow to get started, so there’s still about $375 million in it. And Faith says that’s allowed advocates on another critical issue in the foreclosure crisis to set their sights on it. That other issue – the demolition of thousands of homes that are some of the very visible casualties of the crisis.
When Jim Rokakis was the Cuyahoga County Treasurer, he was one of the first officials to warn of the coming storm with foreclosures. Rokakis is now the Vice President of the Western Reserve Land Conservancy, and has been appealing to officials at the state and federal level to make money available for demolition.
“The only way you get ahead of this problem is by aggressively moving after these vacant structures. If you don’t, the structures that are not vacant in those neighborhoods will become vacant. And that’s not even a ‘maybe’ – that’s a ‘for sure’. Why would you live in a neighborhood where every other house is vacant? You wouldn’t. You’d leave.”
$75 million came in to the state from the nationwide settlement with mortgage lenders to help with demolition, but Rokakis says abandoned homes are a billion dollar problem in Ohio. Rokakis is getting support from Republican U.S. Senator Rob Portman, who’s proposed a bill that would allow money from the Hardest Hit Fund to be put toward demolition, and sets no limits on how much could be taken from it. That scares Bill Faith, who says with more than 70,000 new foreclosures in Ohio each year, the crisis is not over yet.
“Don’t go rob Peter to pay Paul. It doesn't really make sense to add to the demolition load by not preventing preventable foreclosures and adding more stock to those that may fall into vacant and abandoned properties.”
Rokakis says he’s never asked for all the money in the Hardest Hit Fund, but in a time of government austerity, he says funds for demolition need to be found quickly to slow down the foreclosure crisis that Faith is talking about.
“If we don’t deal with these distressed properties, there are parts of Cleveland and Dayton and Toledo and Youngstown that will end up looking like Detroit,” says Rokakis.
If Senator Portman’s bill doesn’t move, it may be up to Gov. John Kasich to decide if the money in the Hardest Hit Fund can be diverted from assistance to delinquent homeowners to tearing down abandoned properties, and if so, how much. Michigan just ordered $100 million of its fund to demolition. Ohio’s other US Senator, Democrat Sherrod brown, has stepped in, asking Kasich to move only up to a quarter of the remaining Hardest Hit Funds toward demolishing vacant homes.