March 10

1785 first performance of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Piano Concerto No. 21 at the Burgtheater in Vienna with the composer as soloist; the work had been completed the previous day; the Geza Anda recording for Deutsche Grammophon of the second movement Andante was featured in the 1967 Swedish film Elvira Madigan, a name that has been to this concerto ever since.

1839 Dudley Buck – American composer, organist and writer on music (d.1909); best known today for his organ composition, Concert Variations on the Star-Spangled Banner Op 23, which was later arranged into an orchestral overture.

1844 Pablo de Sarasate – Spanish violinist and composer (d.1908); on his talents as performer and composer, music critic George Bernard Shaw said that he "left criticism gasping miles behind him"; a number of works were dedicated to Sarasate, including Henryk Wieniawski's Violin Concerto No. 2, Édouard Lalo's Symphonie Espagnole, Camille Saint-Saëns' Violin Concerto No. 3 and his Introduction and Rondo capriccioso, Max Bruch's Scottish Fantasy, and Alexander Mackenzie's Pibroch Suite.

1877 first performance of Alexander Borodin's Symphony No. 2 by the Russian Musical Society in St. Petersburg; the most important large-scale work completed by the composer; took seven years to complete because Borodin’s time was spent on scientific research and teaching duties, as well as writing his opera Prince Igor.

1880 first performance of John Knowles Paine’s Symphony No. 2 ‘In Springtime’; the usually staid Boston audience went bonkers, complete with handkerchief-waving and shouting; historian Louis Elson compared the work’s final movement to Robert Schumann's Symphony No. 1, also subtitled ‘Spring’.

1892 Arthur Honegger – Swiss composer, though born in France  and spent a large part of his life in Paris (d.1955); associated with Les Six, a group that also included composers Georges Auric, Germaine Tailleferre, Francis Poulenc, Darius Milhaud, and Louis Durey; he is featured on the Swiss 20 franc banknote.

1947 Andrew Parrott – English conductor, early-music scholar (71 years old); in 1973 founded the Taverner Choir, Consort and Players, early music ensembles based in London.

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